Advantages and Disadvantages of Microwave oven [2023]

In today’s world, families want to finish their work quickly and have time for other things. For example, women who may feel bored with their daily routine can enjoy making food more easily and quickly with a microwave oven. Using a microwave oven can make food tastier and it only takes a few seconds. It is a convenient way to cook and saves time.

In this guide, we will cover all about what are the advantages and disadvantages of microwave oven.

How does a microwave oven operate?

A microwave oven is a popular kitchen appliance that uses special waves called microwaves to heat up food. Microwaves are a type of energy that can be found on the electromagnetic spectrum, similar to radio waves and infrared radiation. The microwaves produced by the oven helps to heat up the food evenly and quickly. 

These waves have a special property where they are absorbed by water, fats, and sugar in the food, causing the molecules to move around and create heat, which heats up the food.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Microwave oven

With the great advantages of microwave ovens, there are some disadvantages that we have mentioned here.

Advantages Of Microwave Oven

advantages and disadvantages of microwave oven.

Microwaves are popular because they are easy to use and convenient. They are known for their small size and accurate settings, but the best thing about them is how easy it is to cook with them. If you have used a microwave before, you may have noticed other benefits too.

Heating food fast or reheating

Microwave ovens are really good because they heat up packaged food or leftovers very quickly and easily. They work by using radio waves that go through the food and make the molecules move fast, which heats up the food. This happens because of a part called a magnetron that makes the waves.

When you put your food in the microwave, the radio waves go through the food evenly because the utensil spins around on a turntable. This makes the molecules in the food or liquid move very fast, which heats it up quickly.

Exact Cooking Settings

Most microwaves have buttons for cooking different types of food. Nowadays, new microwaves even have lots of recipes already programmed in. You can choose what you want to cook by pressing a button and setting the timer.

Using a microwave oven is very easy. You just need to set the timer, and then you can go and do something else while your soup is cooking. When the microwave beeps, your soup is ready. It’s also convenient because you can cook your soup in the same bowl that you will eat from, so there’s less washing up to do. This is different from using a regular stove, where you have to keep stirring the soup so it doesn’t stick to the bottom and burn.

Different Heat Options

Microwave ovens have many settings that let you set the time and temperature for cooking your food. You can choose how long and at what temperature you want to cook your food. After setting the timer, you can leave the food to cook on its own without having to check on it constantly. You don’t have to stir it like you would when cooking on a stove. When the microwave beeps, your food is ready to eat.

Safe for Kids

Microwave ovens are a safer option for kids than gas stoves or cooktops. They emit less heat and smoke than traditional ovens, reducing the chance of accidents. Since microwave ovens don’t produce high temperatures, they are child-safe and some models have touch control panels suitable for small children.

You Can Use It to Thaw Food

Using a microwave has some benefits over an OTG oven, one of which is that it can defrost frozen food quickly. When you use a microwave to defrost frozen food, it thaws and cooks the food while keeping the flavor.

You can simply put the frozen food in the microwave and use the defrost option while you do other things. When you’re done, the food will be ready to prepare, without having to wait for it to defrost for hours on the counter.

No Difference in Taste and Nutrition

Microwave-cooked food is more nutritious and flavorful than stove-cooked food. This is because the fast-cooking method does not burn food, allowing it to retain all of its nutrients and flavors. You can get the same delicious and nutritious meal from the microwave oven.

Disadvantages Of Microwave Oven

Microwave ovens also have some problems, despite their benefits and convenience. Here are some of their drawbacks.

Saturated Food

advantages and disadvantages of microwave oven.

When we cook food in a microwave for too long, it can get soggy. Microwaves use a different method to heat food compared to air fryers or ovens. They use electromagnetic waves to make the water molecules in the food movement and generate heat. But this can make the food soggy because the moisture from the microwave can’t escape and condenses in the food.

To avoid this, we can cook food for short bursts and check on it often to find the ideal cooking time and heat setting.

Poisoning Chances

Microwave ovens may sometimes cause severe food poisoning. This is because there can be hot spots and cold spots in the food due to the microwave oven’s standing wave pattern, which can only penetrate 1.5 inches into the food. To prevent uneven cooking, it is essential to keep the meal’s shape and size consistent.

Special containers are required

When you cook using a microwave, it’s important to use the right kind of container. You should use bowls or dishes that are specially made to be used in the microwave. If you use the wrong type of container, it can be dangerous. It’s best to use containers made of glass, ceramic, or certain types of plastic that are safe for the microwave.

Other types of plastic can release harmful chemicals into your food. Tupperware containers are good to use in the microwave, and most hard plastic containers can be used too. Always check the container’s instructions to make sure it’s safe to use in the microwave.


The microwave oven is great for cooking a wide variety of dishes and liquids quickly and healthily, but it also has some limitations. One of the biggest drawbacks is that you can’t bake, roast, or fry foods in it. You also can’t make certain types of bread like chapatis.

When you bake in a microwave, you won’t get the same browning or crisping that you get with an oven. However, if you use a convection microwave instead of a solo model, you can do more types of cooking. 

You can make things like pizza and grilled sandwiches, but they may not taste the same as they would if you made them in an oven. This is a big disadvantage for people who want a frying alternative.


Q1. What are the disadvantages of using a microwave?

Microwaves have some disadvantages. For instance, they may not be as good at getting rid of bacteria and germs that can make you sick as other cooking methods are. That’s because they don’t get as hot and the cooking time is much shorter. Sometimes, the food doesn’t heat up evenly.

Q2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of microwaves?

Microwave cooking has its pros and cons. It’s easy to use, doesn’t burn food, saves money, and is healthier and quicker than other methods. But you have to use containers that are safe for the microwave.

Q3.Is it safe to cook in the microwave?

Is microwave cooking safe? Yes, it is safe to cook food in a microwave because the heat will kill bacteria just like it would in other ovens. However, sometimes the food doesn’t cook evenly like it would in a regular oven. This can happen with other cooking methods like frying and grilling too.

Q4. What are three common uses of microwaves?

Microwaves are very common today. They’re used for heating things up, communicating with others, and radar.

Q5. What is the difference between a microwave and oven?

A microwave, which is also known as a microwave oven, uses a type of energy called electromagnetic radiation to cook or heat food. In contrast, an oven is a special container used to heat, cook or bake food, and it is insulated to keep the heat inside. A microwave heats food quickly and safely using this type of radiation.

Q6. What are the five rules for using a microwave oven?

To use the microwave oven safely, read the user manual for recommended operating procedures and safety precautions. Use containers that are safe for the microwave. Be careful with hot liquids, and check for any leaks. Do not use the microwave oven if it operates with the door open.


The advantages of using a microwave oven include convenience, saving money, quicker and healthier cooking, and it does not burn food.

The disadvantages include the need for microwave-safe containers, uneven cooking, and the inability to brown or crisp foods like an oven can.

We hope you will be well aware of the advantages and disadvantages of using a microwave oven in this comprehensive guide, if you have any questions, feel free to comment.

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This